for a comparison contrast essay sheitan film critique essay my last year vacation essay bedt ttf synthesis essay importance. The hallmark of those times was that both the rulers and the people understood the significance of the forests and preserved them. (1990) estimated that 70 of the worlds total flowering plants occur in 12 countries and these have been designated as the Mega-diversity centres or Mega-diversity countries. The habitat types vary from the humid tropical Western Ghats to the hot deserts of Rajasthan, from cold deserts of Ladakh to the long, warm coast line stretches, peninsular India. This has, no doubt, endangered many a species of plants and animals. The Chipko movement (Hug the Trees Movement) in Uttarakhand in the Himalayas inspired the villagers of the Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka State in southern India to launch a similar movement to save their forests. It is of great importance to comprehend the two-fold functions of the forests, viz.: (i) Long-term ecological security, and (ii) Production of goods and services for the benefit of the mankind.
Advertisements: The scope of conservation of forests has two major areas of action:. (i) Pass acts for the conservation of forests, (ii) Survey of the forest resources, (iii) Categorization of forest areas and proper delimitation of reserved forest areas, (iv) Find out the areas where reforestation can be done, (v) Regulate the commercial use of forest products, (vi). Table 2 elucidates the poor condition of the forest department for maintaining 33 of the land area as forests. Reduce Total Demand : It has three main sub-programmes for the efficient use of: (i) Fuel wood and fodder, (ii) Timber (iii) nwfps. This issue includes the extension of forestry programme in all kind of wastelands and marginal farmlands. Scope of Conservation of Forests : Conservation is a term that is used to define any care and management effort that is taken towards protecting Nature. Appiko Movement :.
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But, to our dismay, we find that only.55 of the land area is allocated for forests, while the net sown area (agriculture) occupies a large area of 142.82 million hectares (46.84 of the total reported land area). The first one is called the conservational forestry and the next one is called the exploitative forestry. However, in the states of Arunachal Pradesh, Jammu Kashmir, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Sikkim and the union territory of Andaman Nicobar Islands, the forest cover is more than the recorded forest area. Deforestation : Factors Responsible for Deforestation: advertisements: (i) Rapid growth of population in the developing countries. The world after 50 years essay kellogg video essay importance of nutrition apa how to cite doctoral dissertation anne frank essay give international relations dissertation number? Its functions include aid to and promoting forestry research and its application, acting as a clearing house for research results and information, dissemination of technology, etc. This makes it conspicuous that there is a great dependence on the forests for various needs and it is imperative that they are conserved, not only for the future use of mankind, but also for the present eco-balance that forest conservation guarantees.